After the devastating fires in Russia, NABU draws attention to the alarming consequences for the global climate. According to estimates by Professor Florian Siegert from the GeoBio Center of the Ludwig-Maximilians University in Munich solely by peat fires in Russia could have occurred 30 to 100 million tons of climate-damaging carbon dioxide. This amounts to about four to twelve percent of the annual CO2 emissions of Germany. This first evaluation is based on initially low-resolution satellite data. To capture the full scale of the disaster in detail further research is urgently needed. Thomas Tennhardt, NABU vice president and head of the Department of International Affairs: "The peat fires not only had dire consequences for the people and animals in the region. The danger for the environment is enhanced by the soot particles yet released. They keep very long in the atmosphere and can be worn to the Arctic, where they accelerate the melting of ice. " For weeks on the outskirts of Moscow, burned not only forests but also peatlands. The resulting extreme particulate pollution probably cost thousands of people their lives. The thick smoke from burning peat bogs contain large amounts of carbon monoxide and extremely dangerous climate-damaging carbon dioxide. The resulting pollution is higher by far than those from burning forests. The Russian peatlands were drained from the thirties coverage for commercial use. To prevent the formation of peat fires in the future and to ensure the functioning of these ecosystems, the former peatlands are again becoming waterlogged. From NABU view it is therefore necessary to start in the affected regions in Russia a plan for restoration of Moore. This does not necessarily have any use.
Felix Grützmacher, NABU officer for mire protection: "In Germany, such projects are already showing promising results. In the economic exploitation of such reeds as fuel or building materials, the soil remains wet and the danger of fires is banned. This would not only help to protect the climate, but would have positive effects for many animal and plant species."
Click here to listen to a radio broadcast of Deutschlandradio concerning the subject.